Stun guns, commonly referred as ‘Tasers’, are a electroshock, self defense weapon. It is a non-lethal yet highly effective way of disarming or incapacitating an assailant and is used by various law enforcement agencies and individuals all round the globe. It is also important for readers to know that ‘Taser’ is actually the name of the company which produces stun guns and them running a near monopoly in electroshock defense systems their name is synonymously used to refer a stun gun. Today we will be discussing about taser gun voltage, and how it works out.
A ‘Taser’ is a very popular variety of stun gun which is used by many law enforcement agencies. Unlike a normal stun gun a ‘Taser’ can be fired from a distance and yet has the same, if not more significant, effect on the target. A ‘Taser’ consists of two electrodes which are connected to the gun via conducting wires. These electrodes along with the wires are wound up in the gun and are fired towards the target by using compressed gas, usually nitrogen. The electrodes discharge the whole built up energy in the gun through the wires thereby incapacitating the target.
A common misconception regarding electroshock weapons is that the more voltage a stun gun has, the more effective it is. This is absolutely not true. It is the electrical energy which passes through the devices which defines the lethality or effectiveness of the product. The electrical energy is measured in watts which is a product of the electric current (measured in amps) and the electromotive force (measured in volts). With minimal amperage one can even touch a conducting device with 2 million volts and the only thing that will happen is that their hair will stand up. However a person can actually die even with a couple of volts and enough amps.
Now a taser usually has around 50,000 volts at loading time. However the moment the electrodes make contact with the skin the voltage drops to around 1200 volts. The gun usually has an amperage of about .02 amps. When we multiply both it doesn’t surpass more than 2 joules of energy which is non lethal, however sufficient enough to disarm a person. To give you a perspective, even a heart defibrillator, commonly used to pull out patients from heart attacks, delivers around 400 joules of power.
Here is a video of the taser in action:
The trick of the gun not only lies in taser gun voltage and the amps it has, but also the amount of pulses it produces per second. The more pulses it produces the more number of times the energy is discharged into the target, which in the end converts into effectiveness. For example if a taser has 19 pulses per second then it means that you will be shocked by the electricity 19 times in a second, sufficient enough to make anyone lose balance and become dazed for several minutes. Thus whenever buying a electroshock weapon it is important to note not just the voltage but also the amperage and the pulse rate of the product. Also range is a significant factor in the effectiveness of the weapon.